Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe

Migliavacca M, Dosio A, Camia A, Houborg R, Houston-Durrant T, Kaiser JW, Khabarov N, Krasovskii AA, et al. (2013). Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 118 (4): 1732-1747. DOI:10.1002/2013JG002444.

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Abstract

In this study we present an assessment of the impact of future climate change on total fire probability, burned area, and carbon (C) emissions from fires in Europe. The analysis was performed with the Community Land Model (CLM) extended with a prognostic treatment of fires that was specifically refined and optimized for application over Europe. Simulations over the 21st century are forced by five different high-resolution Regional Climate Models under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B. Both original and bias-corrected meteorological forcings is used. Results show that the simulated C emissions over the present period are improved by using bias corrected meteorological forcing, with a reduction of the intermodel variability. In the course of the 21st century, burned area and C emissions from fires are shown to increase in Europe, in particular in the Mediterranean basins, in the Balkan regions and in Eastern Europe. However, the projected increase is lower than in other studies that did not fully account for the effect of climate on ecosystem functioning. We demonstrate that the lower sensitivity of burned area and C emissions to climate change is related to the predicted reduction of the net primary productivity, which is identified as the most important determinant of fire activity in the Mediterranean region after anthropogenic interaction. This behavior, consistent with the intermediate fire-productivity hypothesis, limits the sensitivity of future burned area and C emissions from fires on climate change, providing more conservative estimates of future fire patterns, and demonstrates the importance of coupling fire simulation with a climate driven ecosystem productivity model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community Land Model; Biomass burning; Fires; Intermediate fire-productivity hypothesis; Carbon emissions; Europe
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Bibliographic Reference: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences; 118(4):1732-1747 (December 2013) (Published online 8 November 2013)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:48
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2016 13:28
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10295

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