The role of education in the reconciliation between female occupation and family responsibilities at mid-life: The Italian case

Bordone V & Rosina A (2013). The role of education in the reconciliation between female occupation and family responsibilities at mid-life: The Italian case. Journal of Population Research 30 (1): 39-65. DOI:10.1007/s12546-012-9091-8.

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Abstract

This study, based on the data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, deals with the labour market participation of mid-aged women and the reconciliation with family responsibilities. The analysis focuses on Italy, a fast ageing country with a very low female occupation rate. By performing a comparison with Sweden and France, we set three European models, different in terms of welfare system and gender roles, against each other. Women's education attainment is shown to be the most important factor associated with being in the labour market between 50 and 59 years old in all the countries analysed. Our findings suggest a couple-oriented approach to study women's balancing of career and family: for married women, husbands' education plays an ambivalent role concerning women's participation in the labour market, according to its combination with wives' resources. The depressive effect on female employment of living close to a parent in poor health holds especially in Italy, suggesting the need to invest more on welfare policies in this country.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ageing; Family support; Female labour force participation; Human capital; Italy
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: Journal of Population Research; 30(1):39-65 (March 2013) (Published online 19 July 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:49
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 13:44
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10522

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