Evolution of specialization under non-equilibrium population dynamics

Nurmi T & Parvinen K (2013). Evolution of specialization under non-equilibrium population dynamics. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-13-054

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Abstract

We analyze the evolution of specialization in resource utilization in a mechanistically underpinned discrete-time model using the adaptive dynamics approach. We assume two nutritionally equivalent resources that in the absence of consumers grow sigmoidally towards a resource-specific carrying capacity. The consumers use resources according to the law of mass-action with rates involving trade-off. The resulting discrete-time model for the consumer population has over-compensatory dynamics. We illuminate the way non-equilibrium population dynamics affect the evolutionary dynamics of the resource consumption rates, and show that evolution to the trimorphic coexistence of a generalist and two specialists is possible due to asynchronous non-equilibrium population dynamics of the specialists. In addition, various forms of cyclic evolutionary dynamics are possible. Furthermore, evolutionary suicide may occur even without Allee effects and demographic stochasticity.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: adaptive dynamics; resource utilization; trade-off; specialist; generalist; evolution; local adaptation
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:49
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2016 18:37
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10712

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