Revisiting the "disaster and development" debate - Toward a broader understanding of macroeconomic risk and resilience

Mochizuki J, Mechler R, Hochrainer-Stigler S, Keating A, & Williges K (2014). Revisiting the "disaster and development" debate - Toward a broader understanding of macroeconomic risk and resilience. Climate Risk Management 3: 39-54. DOI:10.1016/j.crm.2014.05.002.

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Project: Economics of climate change adaptation in Europe (ECONADAPT, FP7 603906)

Abstract

Debate regarding the relationship between socioeconomic development and natural disasters remains at the fore of global discussions, as the potential risk from climate extremes and uncertainty pose an increasing threat to developmental prospects. This study reviews statistical investigations of disaster and development linkages, across topics of macroeconomic growth, public governance and others to identify key challenges to the current approach to macro-level statistical investigation. Both theoretically and qualitatively, disaster is known to affect development through a number of channels: haphazard development, weak institutions, lack of social safety nets and short-termism of our decision-making practices are some of the factors that drive natural disaster risk. Developmental potentials, including the prospects for sustainable and equitable growth, are in turn threatened by such accumulation of disaster risks. However, quantitative evidence regarding these complex causality chains remains contested due to several reasons. A number of theoretical and methodological limitations have been identified, including the use of GDP as a proxy measurement of welfare, issues with natural disaster damage reporting and the adoption of ad hoc model specifications and variables, which render interpretation and cross-comparison of statistical analysis difficult. Additionally, while greater attention is paid to economic and institutional parameters such as GDP, remittance, corruption and public expenditure as opposed to hard-to-quantify yet critical factors such as environmental conditions and social vulnerabilities. These are gaps in our approach that hamper our comprehensive understanding of the disaster-development nexus. Important areas for further research are identified, including recognizing and addressing the data constraints, incorporating sustainability and equity concerns through alternatives to GDP, and finding novel approaches to examining the complex and dynamic relationships between risk, vulnerability, resilience, adaptive capacity and development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Review; Natural Disasters and Development; Macroeconomic and Statistical Analysis; Risk Vulnerability and Resilience
Research Programs: Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Risk, Policy and Vulnerability (RPV)
Bibliographic Reference: Climate Risk Management; 3:39-54 (Published online 22 May 2014)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:50
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2017 07:45
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10860

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