Assessing rural energy sustainability in developing countries

Mainali B, Pachauri S, Rao ND, & Silveira S (2014). Assessing rural energy sustainability in developing countries. Energy for Sustainable Development 19: 15-28. DOI:10.1016/j.esd.2014.01.008.

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Abstract

Providing sustainable energy access is one of the most critical global challenges. This paper introduces a method for evaluating the status and progress of rural household energy sustainability in developing countries using a new composite indicator, the energy sustainability index (ESI). The ESI combines 13 techno-economic, environmental and social indicators of sustainability using principal component analysis (PCA). We apply the ESI to China, India, South Africa, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and Ghana between 1990 and 2010. The analysis suggests that South Africa's rural energy sustainability index is highest followed by China, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Ghana respectively. All the countries' rural energy sustainability has improved relatively over time except Ghana's. Improvements result mainly from increasing rural electricity use and increasing access to clean and efficient cooking fuels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rural household energy; Sustainability index; Indicators; Principal component analysis
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Bibliographic Reference: Energy for Sustainable Development; 19:15-28 (April 2014) (Published online 21 February 2014)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:50
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 15:13
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10990

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