Adaptation of aquatic insects to the current flow in streams

Mazzucco R, Van Nguyen T, Kim D-H, Chon T-S, & Dieckmann U (2015). Adaptation of aquatic insects to the current flow in streams. Ecological Modelling 309-10: 143-152. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.04.019.

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Abstract

Water velocity is one of the most important abiotic factors influencing the survival of aquatic insects in rivers and streams. The unidirectional water flow shaping their habitat and characteristically dividing it into alternating zones of high and low water velocity (riffles and pools) also imposes on them the special necessity to adapt to continual downstream drift. Here, we analyze an individual-based eco-evolutionary model parameterized with field data, and show how species adapted to riffles and pools, respectively, emerge if three basic processes are considered: density-dependent local competition, drifting, and adult flight. We also find that evolutionary branching in velocity adaptation is accompanied by an differentiation of drifting behavior. Generally, individuals drift either frequently and for only a short duration, or infrequently and for a longer duration. While riffle and ool species each exhibit both drifting strategies, a third species that can stably establish at intermediate water velocities (runs) exhibit exclusively the former. As the run species is therefore particularly susceptible to drift loss, long-range adult flight turns out to be crucial for its persistence. These insights highlight the ability of process-based eco-evolutionary models to generate testable hypotheses and stimulate empirical research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compensatory flight; drift paradox; ecological speciation; individual-based model; Lotic habitat; velocity preference
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Bibliographic Reference: Ecological Modelling; 309-310:143-152 (August 2015)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:53
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 10:02
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11449

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