The Contribution of Energy Efficiency Measures to Air Quality and Related Health Effects in China’s Cement Industry

Zhang S, Worrell E, Crijns-Graus W, Krol M, de Bruine M, Geng G, Wagner F, Röckmann T, et al. (2015). The Contribution of Energy Efficiency Measures to Air Quality and Related Health Effects in China’s Cement Industry. In: Systems Analysis 2015 - A Conference in Celebration of Howard Raiffa, 11 -13 November, 2015, Laxenburg, Austria.

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Abstract

Actions to reduce the combustion of fossil fuels often decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as air pollutants and hereby bring multiple benefits for improvement of energy efficiency, climate change, and air quality associated with human health benefits. Therefore, air quality and health co-benefits can provide strong additional motivation for improving energy efficiency. In China, the cement industry is the second largest energy consumer and key emitter of CO2 and air pollutants. It accounts for 7% of total energy consumption in China and 15% of CO2, 21% of PM, 4% SO2 and 10% of NOX of total emissions, respectively. In this study, An integrated approach that comprises a number of different methods and tools within the same platform (i.e., provincial energy conservation supply curves (ECSC), Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) model, GIS, TM5, and Health Impact Assessment) is developed and used to assess the potential of energy savings and emission mitigation of air pollutants, as well as the environmental and health impacts of pollution arising from China’s cement industry at the provincial level during the period 2011-2030. The results show significant heterogeneity across provinces in terms of potential energy saving as well as emission mitigation of CO2 and air pollutants (i.e. PM, SO2, and NOX) in the next two decades. In addition, the current commercially available energy efficiency measures would decrease 25% of SO2, 20% of NOX, and 5% of PM2.5 reducing 0.017‰ (5425 case in 2020 and 7811 case in 2030) of premature deaths (adults ≥ 30 ages). Therefore, it is more cost effective for policymakers to consider both air quality and health impacts together when planning and implementing energy policy than to pay attention to each issue separately.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Research Programs: Mitigation of Air Pollution (MAG)
Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2016 14:40
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 10:17
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11794

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