Estimating costs and potential for reduction of ammonia emissions from agriculture in the GAINS model

Klimont Z & Winiwarter W (2015). Estimating costs and potential for reduction of ammonia emissions from agriculture in the GAINS model. In: Costs of Ammonia Abatement and the Climate Co-Benefits. Eds. Reis, S., Howard, C. & Sutton, M.A., pp. 233-261 Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-94-017-9721-4 DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9722-1_9.

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Abstract

The revision of the IIASA's integrated assessment model GAINS allowed for adoption of new cost estimates for ammonia abatement as developed in the framework of the Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen (TFRN). Here we describe key features and methods of the agricultural module of the GAINS model, discuss update of ammonia reduction cost, and recent applications of the revised model in discussion of the future European ecosystem and air quality. As ammonia is predominantly released from agriculture, also abatement needs to prioritize the same economic sector. The revision of GAINS also accommodates for the TFRN's concept to focus measures towards larger installations and void calling for emission reductions on small farms. The overall lower cost of ammonia abatement influence optimization towards applying more strict ammonia abatement, which will decrease overall abatement cost but not necessarily costs for ammonia abatement (as these are cosidered to be applied more readily). Finally, new analysis of reduction targets following optimized versus more even distribution of reduction measures, shows potential for synergies that could help in finalizing agreement on how future emission reduction targets could be achieved.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: ammonia emissions; emisssion abatement; GAINS model; greenhouse gases; cost-effective assessment
Research Programs: Mitigation of Air Pollution (MAG)
Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2016 12:29
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 10:17
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/11908

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