Sustainable Energy Security for India: An assessment of energy demand sub-system

Narula K, Sudhakara Reddy B, & Pachauri S (2017). Sustainable Energy Security for India: An assessment of energy demand sub-system. Applied Energy 186: 126-139. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.142.

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Abstract

This paper presents a quantitative assessment of Sustainable Energy Security (SES) of the energy demand sub-system for India by calculating a multidimensional SES index. The demand sub-system has been evaluated for four dimensions of SES, viz., Availability, Affordability, Efficiency and (Environmental) Acceptability using 23 selected metrics. A hierarchical structure has been used to construct indices using ‘scores’ (objective values of selected metrics), and ‘weights’ (subjective values, representing importance of each metric) which are then aggregated, to obtain a SES index. Various sectors of the energy demand sub-system are evaluated and dimensional and sectoral indices are calculated for the years 2002, 2007 and 2012. Assessment of the obtained energy indices is undertaken (separately for rural and urban residential sector) and results reveal that all (except one) sectoral indices have shown an increase during the period of assessment. The results show that from 2002 to 2012, the aggregate SES index has increased by approximately 10% which indicates a gradual improvement in the sustainability and security of the energy demand sub-system. However, the SES index is approximately 0.7 (against a desired target of 1.0), which implies that there is still a large scope for improvement in the performance of the India’s energy demand sub-system. A sensitivity analysis of various indices reveals that the SES index is relatively robust to variation in weights allotted to different dimensions and hence provides a reliable assessment of the energy demand sub-system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy assessment modeling; Energy security; Energy sustainability; Urban residential sector; Multidimensional energy index
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2016 13:31
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 14:25
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12340

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