Modeling energy and agriculture interactions—I: A rural energy systems model

Parikh JK (1985). Modeling energy and agriculture interactions—I: A rural energy systems model. Energy 10 (7): 793-804. DOI:10.1016/0360-5442(85)90113-6.

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Abstract

Since many of the factors related to rural energy systems are gradually being quantified, there is a need to construct a model that integrates a number of these factors simultaneously in a consistent framework. Therefore, a general linear programming model is developed to capture energy and agricultural interactions existing in the rural areas of developing countries. Energy used for agriculture includes fertilizers, irrigation, and mechanization. Several technological choices of each of the above are considered and so are several crop commodities, several types of livestock, and farmers of different income groups along with their assets, i.e. land holdings, livestock, etc. The by-products of agriculture, i.e. biomass, such as crop residues, animal dung, wood, etc., can be used to generate energy. On the demand side the use of them for feed, fuel, and fertilizer must be considered. Thus, the household sector (which is the largest user of noncommercial energy), as well as the rural industries sector, is intimately related to the agriculture sector. Twelve different energy sources and several conversion technologies, such as biogas, charcoal kilns, alcohol distilleries, etc., are considered. The model is applicable to low-income, biomass-scarce developing countries. However, different types of countries will require different approximations, and their needs for detailing some aspects or other may vary. The model is suitable for policy purposes because it considers several income groups separately and considers how different changes affect each of them.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Food and Agriculture (FAG)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2016 12:44
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2016 13:23
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12523

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