Sensitivity of boreal forests to possible climatic warming

Kauppi P & Posch M (1985). Sensitivity of boreal forests to possible climatic warming. Climatic Change 7 (1): 45-54. DOI:10.1007/BF00139440.

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Abstract

General circulation models indicate substantial CO2 warming in high latitudes. In these regions, which include the boreal coniferous forests, the activity of ecosystems is largely controlled by temperature. The effective temperature sum (degree-days) is used in this study for describing the regional variability in the productivity of boreal ecosystems. Although the concept is simple, it takes into account two basic factors: the length of the growing season and the day-to-day level of activity of the ecosystem. This study examines which areas in the boreal coniferous forests would be most sensitive to a possible climatic warming. The data used in the study are for Finland. A regression is estimated between regional forest growth rate and effective temperature sum. A climatic warming is assumed and the corresponding growth response is calculated, using the regression, for northern and southern areas, and for maritime and continental areas. The response is expressed in terms of (i) absolute increase in growth (grams per m2 per year) and (ii) relative increase in growth. The results indicate that a given climatic warming would yield the greatest absolute increase in growth in warm (i.e. southern) and maritime parts of the biome. In terms of the relative growth response the sensitivity would increase northward and toward maritime areas.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Biosphere Dynamics (BIO)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2016 12:03
Last Modified: 20 May 2016 08:01
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12725

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