Scale relationships in the interactions of climate, ecosystems, and societies

Clark WC (1987). Scale relationships in the interactions of climate, ecosystems, and societies. In: Forecasting in the Social and Natural Sciences. Eds. Land, K.C. & Schneider, S.H., pp. 337-378 Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-94-009-4011-6 DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-4011-6_14.

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Abstract

Climates, ecosystems, and societies interact over a tremendous range of temporal and spatial scales. Scholarly work on forecasting climate impacts has tended to emphasize different questions, variables, and modes of explanation depending on the primary scale of interest. Much of the current debate on cause and effect, vulnerability, marginality, and the like stems from uncritical or unconscious efforts to transfer experience, conclusions, and in-sights across scales. This paper sketches a perspective from which the relative temporal and spatial dimensions of climatic, ecological, and social processes can be more clearly perceived, and their potential interactions more critically evaluated. Quantitative estimates of a variety of characteristic scales are derived and compared, leading to specific recommendations for the design of climate impact studies.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Management and Technology Area (MMT)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2016 12:06
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2017 15:11
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12957

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