Mitigating Environmental and Public-Safety Risks of United States Crude-by-Rail Transport

Oke O, Huppmann D, Marshall M, Poulton R, & Siddiqui S (2016). Mitigating Environmental and Public-Safety Risks of United States Crude-by-Rail Transport. DIW Discussion Paper 1575. Berlin, Germany DOI:ISSN 1619-4535.

[img]
Preview
Text
Mitigating Environmental and Public-Safety Risks of United States Crude by rail Transport.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

We present a medium-term market equilibrium model of the North American crude oil sector via which we develop a scenario analysis to investigate strategies to mitigate the environmental and public-safety risks from crude-by-rail transportation across the United States. The model captures crude oil movements across rail-roads, pipelines and waterways, while distinguishing between light and heavy crude qualities. We find that restricting rail loads or increasing pipeline capacity from areas driving production will significantly reduce rail movements. However, lifting the United States crude oil export ban in isolation will only increase rail transportation volumes. We show that an integrated policy of targeted rail caps, pipeline investments and lifting the export ban sustainably addresses medium-term crude-by-rail risks in the United States.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: crude-by-rail, market equilibrium, mixed complementarity problem, transportation capacity, infrastructure investment
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 08:21
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 08:51
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13232

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313