Combining Spatiotemporal Corridor Design for Reindeer Migration with Harvest Scheduling in Northern Sweden

St John R, Öhman K, Tóth SF, Sandström P, Korosuo A, & Eriksson LO (2016). Combining Spatiotemporal Corridor Design for Reindeer Migration with Harvest Scheduling in Northern Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research: 1-31. DOI:10.1080/02827581.2016.1195441.

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Abstract

Reindeer husbandry and commercial forestry seek to co-exist in the forests of Northern Sweden. As interwoven as the two industries are, conflicts have arisen. Forest practices have reduced the distribution of lichen, the main winter diet for reindeer. Forest practices have also increased forest density, compromising the animals’ ability to pass through forested areas on their migration routes. In an attempt to reduce impacts on reindeer husbandry, we present a spatially explicit harvest scheduling model that includes reindeer corridors with user-defined spatial characteristics. We illustrate the model in a case study and explore the relationship between timber revenues and the selection and maintenance of reindeer corridors. The corridors are not only to include sufficient lichen habitat, but they are also supposed to ensure access for reindeer by connecting lichen areas with linkages that allow unobstructed travel. Since harvest scheduling occurs over a planning horizon, the spatial configuration of corridors can change from one time period to the next in order to accommodate harvesting activities. Our results suggest that maintaining reindeer corridors in harvest scheduling can be done at minimal cost. Also, we conclude that including corridor constraints in the harvest scheduling model is critical to guarantee connectivity of reindeer pastures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mixed-integer programming, forest management, wildlife conservation, reindeer husbandry, spatial optimization
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 06:43
Last Modified: 16 May 2017 06:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13283

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