Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: the impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030

Frank S, Böttcher H, Gusti M, Havlík P, Klaassen G, Kindermann G, & Obersteiner M (2016). Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: the impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030. Climatic Change 138 (1): 253-266. DOI:10.1007/s10584-016-1729-7.

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Abstract

A 2030 climate and energy policy framework was endorsed by the European Council in 2014. The main elements are a binding 40 % greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target compared to 1990, a renewable energy share of 27 %, and an energy savings target of at least 27 % by 2030. In this paper, we assess the impact of these targets on the European land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) sector using a Europe focused global land use model linked with a detailed forest management model. We show that implementing a 40 % GHG emission reduction target by 2030 may only have a small negative impact on the domestic LULUCF sink if the additional biomass demand for energy is mostly met through ligno-cellulosic energy crops rather than forest removals. However, if the increased biomass demand were met through higher rates of forest harvest removals, a more negative impact on the LULUCF sink could be expected.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This study was financially supported by the European Commission – DG Climate Action through the tender contract ‘Development and application of EU economy-wide climate change mitigation modelling capacity (all greenhouse gas emissions and removals)’, contract ref no. 071303/2011/600928/SER/CL1MA.A.4. www.euclimit.eu
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2030 climate and energy policy framework, greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target, LULUCF, land use change, forestry
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 13:48
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2016 13:56
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13380

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