Old habits die hard? Lingering son preference in an era of normalizing sex ratios at birth in South Korea

Yoo SH, Hayford SR, & Agadjanian V (2016). Old habits die hard? Lingering son preference in an era of normalizing sex ratios at birth in South Korea. Population Research and Policy Review: 1-30. DOI:10.1007/s11113-016-9405-1.

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Abstract

South Korea was among the first countries to report both an abnormally high sex ratio at birth (SRB) and its subsequent normalization. We examine the role of son preference in driving fertility intentions during a period of declining SRB and consider the contribution of individual characteristics and broader social context to explaining changes in intentions. We employ data from the National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare that span 1991–2012. We find that reported son preference declined to a great extent but remained substantial by the end of the observation period, and that the intention to have a third child still differed by sex of existing children. Change in individual-level factors does not explain the decline in son preference, suggesting that broad social changes were also important. This study provides a better understanding of how son preference evolves in the post-transitional context of very low fertility.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Son preference; sex ratio at birth; fertility intention; low fertility; Korea
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2016 07:39
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 14:18
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13387

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