Science and policy characteristics of the Paris Agreement temperature goal

Schleussner CF, Rogelj J, Schaeffer M, Lissner T, Licker R, Fischer EM, Knutti R, Levermann A, et al. (2016). Science and policy characteristics of the Paris Agreement temperature goal. Nature Climate Change 6 (7): 1-9. DOI:10.1038/nclimate3096.

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Abstract

The Paris Agreement sets a long-term temperature goal of holding the global average temperature increase to well below 2 °C, and pursuing efforts to limit this to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels. Here, we present an overview of science and policy aspects related to this goal and analyse the implications for mitigation pathways. We show examples of discernible differences in impacts between 1.5 °C and 2 °C warming. At the same time, most available low emission scenarios at least temporarily exceed the 1.5 °C limit before 2100. The legacy of temperature overshoots and the feasibility of limiting warming to 1.5 °C, or below, thus become central elements of a post-Paris science agenda. The near-term mitigation targets set by countries for the 2020–2030 period are insufficient to secure the achievement of the temperature goal. An increase in mitigation ambition for this period will determine the Agreement's effectiveness in achieving its temperature goal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paris Agreement, 1.5 °C warming, mitigation targets
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 04:17
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2017 10:08
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13431

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