Temporal and spatial distribution of global mitigation cost: INDCs and equity

Liu J-Y, Fujimori S, & Masui T (2016). Temporal and spatial distribution of global mitigation cost: INDCs and equity. Environmental Research Letters 11 (11): e114004. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114004.

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Abstract

Each country's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) pledges an emission target for 2025 or 2030. Here, we evaluated the INDC inter-generational and inter-regional equity by comparing scenarios with INDC emissions target in 2030 and with an immediate emission reduction associated with a global uniform carbon price using Asian-Pacific Integrated Model/Computable General Equilibrium. Both scenarios eventually achieve 2 °C target. The results showed that, as compared with an immediate emission reduction scenario, the inter-generational equity status is not favorable for INDC scenario and the future generation suffers more from delayed mitigation. Moreover, this conclusion was robust to the wide range of inequality aversion parameter that determines discount rate. On the other hand, the INDC scenario has better inter-regional equity in the early part of the century than does the immediate emission reduction scenario in which we assume a global carbon price during the period up to 2030. However, inter-regional equity worsens later in the century. The additional emissions reduction to the INDC in 2030 would improve both inter- and inter-regional equity as compared to the current INDC. We also suggest that countries should commit to more emissions reductions in the follow-up INDC communications and that continuous consideration for low-income countries is needed for global climate change cooperation after 2030.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paris Agreement, INDC, climate change, equity, mitigation cost, CGE
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 15:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 11:10
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13918

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