A methodology for determining the dynamic exchange of resources in nuclear fuel cycle simulation

Gidden MJ & Wilson PH (2016). A methodology for determining the dynamic exchange of resources in nuclear fuel cycle simulation. Nuclear Engineering and Design 310: 378-394. DOI:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.10.029.

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Abstract

Simulation of the nuclear fuel cycle can be performed using a wide range of techniques and methodologies. Past efforts have focused on specific fuel cycles or reactor technologies. The CYCLUS fuel cycle simulator seeks to separate the design of the simulation from the fuel cycle or technologies of interest. In order to support this separation, a robust supply–demand communication and solution framework is required. Accordingly an agent-based supply-chain framework, the Dynamic Resource Exchange (DRE), has been designed implemented in CYCLUS. It supports the communication of complex resources, namely isotopic compositions of nuclear fuel, between fuel cycle facilities and their managers (e.g., institutions and regions). Instances of supply and demand are defined as an optimization problem and solved for each timestep. Importantly, the DRE allows each agent in the simulation to independently indicate preference for specific trading options in order to meet both physics requirements and satisfy constraints imposed by potential socio-political models. To display the variety of possible simulations that the DRE enables, example scenarios are formulated and described. Important features include key fuel-cycle facility outages, introduction of external recycled fuel sources (similar to the current mixed oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facility in the United States), and nontrivial interactions between fuel cycles existing in different regions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nuclear fuel cycle; Optimization; Agent-based modeling
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2016 07:27
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2016 09:07
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/13935

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