The Deviant Dynamics of Death in Heterogeneous Populations

Vaupel JW & Yashin AI (1982). The Deviant Dynamics of Death in Heterogeneous Populations. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-82-047

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Abstract

The members of most populations gradually die off or drop out: people die, machines wear out, residents move out, etc. In many such "aging" populations, some members are more likely to "die" than others. Standard analytical methods largely ignore this heterogeneity; the methods assume that all members of a population at a given age face the same probability of death. This paper presents some mathematical methods for studying how the behavior over time of a heterogeneous population deviates from the behavior of the individuals that make up the population. The methods yield some startling results: individuals age faster than populations, eliminating a cause of death can decrease life expectancy, a population can suffer a higher death rate than another population even though its members have lower death rates, population death rates can be increasing even though its members' death rates are decreasing.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: Human Settlements and Services Area (HSS)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:51
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2016 18:48
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/1969

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