Abatement of Air Pollutants and Cogeneration: Search for an Optimal Solution

Posch M & Runca E (1982). Abatement of Air Pollutants and Cogeneration: Search for an Optimal Solution. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-82-034

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Abstract

In this paper atmospheric diffusion modelling and nonlinear optimization techniques are used for the analysis of minimum cost alternatives of air pollution control strategies. Two cases are considered: a) control of air pollution from a large point source and b) reduction of existing pollution levels in an urban area utilizing the heat cogenerated by a thermal power plant for district heating.

As to a) a program has been built to compute the minimum cost function for the chosen abatement techniques (including stack height) under the constraint of keeping the ground level concentration of N pollutants (gaseous or particulates) at specified values.

Cost functions for stack height and abatement techniques are input to the program. As an example, results are presented for the control of two different pollutants controlled by two abatement techniques plus stack height.

As to b) an interactive program has been developed to identify minimum cost network for heat conveyance necessary to supply a set of residential areas to achieve a given reduction of pollution in the urban area. Results are presented for the city of Vienna.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: Resources and Environment Area (REN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:51
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2016 06:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/1982

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