Industrial Dynamics, Product Cycles, and Employment Structure

Andersson AE & Johansson B (1984). Industrial Dynamics, Product Cycles, and Employment Structure. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-84-009

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Abstract

The key elements of structural change in the forest industry are related to the changing pattern of demand, supply capacity and trade. It is obvious that technological change, to a large extent triggered off by evolving Research and Development strategies, plays a major role in this process of structural change at the global level. Conclusions from this article are as follows:

-- The forest sector is developing into an integrated systems industry in the same way as large parts of chemical and other process industries, with similar requirements on coordinative capacities and support from logistical infrastructure. This makes location to highly developed economies an advantage for the integrative parts of the sector.

-- It is a low R & D industry, however measured, in a comparison with other manufacturing industries. This may cause problems for the sector in inter-industrial competition for labor and capital resources. For the non-integrative forest industry, like mechanical wood processing, it means a long-term process of relocation from the OECD region to less developed regions of the world.

-- Within the OECD region the forest sector will continue to be located primarily in sparsely populated areas. Continued location outside the major densely populated knowledge centres of the world can accentuate the technological development problems of the sector, unless properly counteracted by new R & D strategies.

This paper, which is based on product cycle theory, has been written in collaboration between the Regional Issues Project and the Forest Sector Project at IIASA

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: Forest Sector Program (FSP)
Regional Issues Program (RUD)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:55
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2016 08:04
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/2509

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