Acid Rain Abatement in Europe: Two Progress Reports

Hordijk L (1986). Acid Rain Abatement in Europe: Two Progress Reports. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-87-004. Reprinted from Acidification and Its Policy Implications; T. Schneider (ed.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 295-305 [1986] and Atmospheric Environment, 20 [1986].

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Abstract

The first report describes briefly the RAINS (Regional Acidification Information and Simulation) model and presents three alternative abatement strategies for acidification in Europe. These alternatives are: a percentage reduction of emissions per country, reductions based on indicators and targetted emission reductions.

In the second report the fact that 20 European countries have stated that they will reduce their sulfur dioxide emissions by at least 30% in the years 1993-1995 based on 1980 emissions is discussed. Some countries will reduce more, e.g. France by 50%. Although politically this is an important step, a more or less flat rate of emission reduction throughout Europe is not an efficient solution. This paper describes an alternate emission reduction targetted to those areas where depositions are high and taking into account the source-receptor relationships in Europe. The reductions are calculated by using the model RAINS which is being developed at IIASA. RAINS is a set of linked submodels dealing with energy scenarios, sulfur dioxide emissions, abatement options, long-range transport, deposition, forest soil acidification and lake acidification. For the purpose of this paper an optimization algorithm developed by R. Shaw and J. Young (AES, Canada) has been connected with RAINS. The results show optimal reduction patterns in Europe for a number of different receptor areas and alternative energy scenarios.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Research Report (Reprint))
Research Programs: Acid Rain Program (ACI)
Bibliographic Reference: Reprinted from Acidification and Its Policy Implications; T. Schneider (ed.), Elsevier; Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 295-305 [1986] AND Atmospheric Environment; 20 [1986]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:56
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 07:16
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/2767

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