Changes in Valued "Capacities" of Soils and Sediments as Indicators of Nonlinear and Time-Delayed Environmental Effects

Stigliani WM (1988). Changes in Valued "Capacities" of Soils and Sediments as Indicators of Nonlinear and Time-Delayed Environmental Effects. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-88-038

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Abstract

This paper discusses the buffering, oxygen-donating, and sorption capacities of soils and sediments as an inter-connected system for regulating the retention and release of chemical pollutants. In this context, the author discusses the chemical conditions under which sediments may serve as a source or a sink for toxic materials, and conditions under which soils may retain or release them. It is demonstrated that nonlinear, time-delayed ecological transformations in soils and sediments often can be understood in terms of the interlinked system. The author discusses some possible future long-term environmental problems that might beset Europe, and some implications for a monitoring strategy for foreseeing such problems.

Because the release of adsorbed toxic chemicals from heavily polluted sediments and soils can occur suddenly owing to changes in oxygen status (i.e., redox potential) or acidity, strategies for preventing the long-term release of such materials should not only consider current conditions of pH and redox potential, but also, how those conditions might change in the future.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: Environment Program - Core (ENC)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:59
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 15:06
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/3167

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