Options and costs of controlling ammonia emissions in Europe

Klaassen G (1994). Options and costs of controlling ammonia emissions in Europe. European Review of Agricultural Economics 21 (2): 219-240. DOI:10.1093/erae/21.2.219.

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Abstract

Ammonia emissions contribute to acidification in Europe. The major emission sources are livestock and fertiliser use. This study presents the costs of controlling ammonia emissions in 33 regions in Europe. Abatement options include low nitrogen feed, stable adaptations, covering manure storage, cleaning stable air, and low ammonia applications of manure. Cost estimates are based on country- and technology-specific data. Variations in average costs, and the structure of livestock population and fertiliser use, cause considerable differences in costs between countries for applying similar reductions ortechniques. Allowing countries to choose their own mix of control options would be more cost-effective

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Costs; air pollution; livestock; ammonia; fertiliser.
Research Programs: Transboundary Air Pollution (TAP)
Transboundary Air Pollution (TAP)
Bibliographic Reference: European Review of Agricultural Economics; 21:219-240 [1994]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:03
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 12:20
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/3844

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