Ostrom TR (1975). Large Organizations: Hierarchies or Clusters. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-75-021
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Large organizations tend to have a formal, structured hierarchy, yet a considerable amount of decision-making is done using an "informal" communication structure which is often too complex to be shown on the traditional organization chart.
What is the nature of this informal communication structure, and is it useful to understand it better?
|Item Type:||Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)|
|Research Programs:||Resources and Environment Area (REN)|
|Depositing User:||IIASA Import|
|Date Deposited:||15 Jan 2016 01:42|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2016 15:41|
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