The Greenhouse Gas Methane (CH4): Sources and Sinks, the Impact of Population Growth, Possible Interventions

Heilig GK (1994). The Greenhouse Gas Methane (CH4): Sources and Sinks, the Impact of Population Growth, Possible Interventions. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-94-014. Reprinted from Population and Environment, 16(2):109-137 (November 1994).

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Abstract

Methane (CH4) is one of the trace gases in the atmosphere that is considered to play a major role in what is called the "greenhouse effect." There are six major sources of atmospheric methane: (1) emission from anaerobic decomposition in natural wetlands; (2) emission from anaerobic decomposition in paddy rice fields; (3) emission from livestock production systems (including intrinsic fermentation and animal waste); (4) biomass burning (including forest fires, charcoal combustion, and firewood burning); (5) anaerobic decomposition of organic wastes in landfills; and (6) fossil methane emission during the exploration and transport of fossil fuels. Obviously, human activities play a major role in increasing methane emissions from most of these sources. The worldwide expansion of paddy rice cultivation, livestock production, and fossil fuel exploration, in particular, have contributed to the increased methane concentration in the atmosphere. Several data sets help estimate atmospheric methane concentration up to 160,000 years back. Major sources and sinks of present-day methane emission and their relative contribution to the global methane balance demonstrate great uncertainties in the identification and quantification of individual sources and sinks. Most recent methane projections of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for 2025 and 2100 are discussed and used to estimate the contribution of population growth to future methane emission. Finally, the paper discusses the options for and the restrictions of reducing anthropogenic methane emissions to the atmosphere.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Research Report (Reprint))
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: Reprinted from Population and Environment; 16(2):109-137 (November 1994)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:03
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 07:13
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/4075

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