Possibilities for Increased Carbon Sequestration through the Implementation of Rational Forest Management in Russia

Shvidenko A, Nilsson S, & Roshkov V (1995). Possibilities for Increased Carbon Sequestration through the Implementation of Rational Forest Management in Russia. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-95-060

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Abstract

Huge areas of the Russian forests suffer from insufficient forest management. A scenario has been developed for an improved management program that would be implemented over the next 40 years. Possible options have been aggregated into three interlinked groups: increase in forest productivity through improvement of the forest conditions and the structure of the Forest Fund, decrease of carbon by mitigation of disturbance regimes, and improvement of landscape management. One prerequisite in developing this scenario was that the cost of sequestering one ton of carbon should not exceed US$3 (1992 dollar value). In this article a simple model is described to illustrate the following possibilities for increased carbon fixation by improved forest management: large-scale reforestation and afforestation, replacement of stands with low productivity and replacement of so called soft deciduous species and "climax" stands, and implementation of rational silviculture (thinning). The results indicate a potential for an increase in carbon fixation in Russian forest ecosystems of 24.4 Pg over 100 years, after the first year that the actions discussed are implemented. The net sink of carbon was determined to be 16.5 Pg in the low estimate and 42.5 Pg in the high estimate. However, there are many uncertainties in the data and there are difficulties in adequately modeling the possibilities for implementation under current conditions in Russia. In spite of these uncertainties we conclude that there is great potential for economically justified increased carbon fixation through improved forest management in Russia.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:06
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2016 10:55
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/4533

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