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The experience of the USSR in the field of energy systems development modeling reveals certain patterns and principles that influence the structure and use of energy models, principally:
-- The need to use mainly optimization models since, for planning purposes, optimal solutions must be found;
-- The need to coordinate individual models in order to obtain the country's objectives;
-- The existing organizational structure of planning which must be taken into account;
-- The dependence of models on time aspects of planning (annual, 5-year, 15-year);
-- The elaboration of corresponding methods for providing necessary input data.
This has required the development of a special concept for optimizing energy systems development with the use of mathematical models. It is based on consideration of the energy industries of the country as complex with a hierarchical structure of energy systems of various territorial and branch levels. At the same time, the differentiation of aims at different times during the planning period have been taken into account.
This concept is given here in its existing state (it is continuously developed and perfected) for better understanding of the energy models described. In particular, we show the role of the system of models for optimization of the energy supply system as a whole, and that of more detailed branch models (oil, gas, coal, electricity production systems).
For optimal energy strategy evaluation, the most important models are those used on the highest levels of the energy systems hierarchy, i.e. the general (aggregate) energy systems of the country and of economic regions, and branch energy systems. Only these models are described here; models used on lower levels for solving some technical problems are far more diverse and numerous, and it is impossible to consider them all in a single review.
|Item Type:||Monograph (IIASA Research Report)|
|Research Programs:||Energy Program (ENP)|
|Depositing User:||IIASA Import|
|Date Deposited:||15 Jan 2016 01:43|
|Last Modified:||21 Oct 2016 07:56|
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