Climate change and world food security: A new assessment

Parry ML, Rosenzweig C, Iglesias A, Fischer G, & Livermore M (1999). Climate change and world food security: A new assessment. Global Environmental Change Supp 1: s51-s67. DOI:10.1016/S0959-3780(99)00018-7.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Building on previous work quantitative estimates of climate change impacts on global food production have been made for the UK Hadley Centre's HadCM2 greenhouse gas only ensemble experiment and the more recent HadCM3 experiment (Hulme et al., 1999). The consequences for world food prices and the number of people at risk of hunger as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO, 1988) have also been assessed. Climate change is expected to increase yields at high and mid-latitudes, and lead to decreases at lower latitudes. This pattern becomes more pronounced as time progresses. The food system may be expected to accommodate such regional variations at the global level, with production, prices and the risk of hunger being relatively unaffected by the additional stress of climate change. By the 2080s the additional number of people at risk of hunger due to climate change is about 80 million people (±10 million depending on which of the four HadCM2 ensemble members is selected). However, some regions (particularly the arid and sub-humid tropics) will be adversely affected. A particular example is Africa, which is expected to experience marked reductions in yield, decreases in production, and increases in the risk of hunger as a result of climate change. The continent can expect to have between 55 and 65 million extra people at risk of hunger by the 2080s under the HadCM2 climate scenario. Under the HadCM3 climate scenario the effect is even more severe, producing an estimated additional 70+ million people at risk of hunger in Africa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change; Food security; Crop yields
Research Programs: Modeling Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes (LUC)
Bibliographic Reference: Global Environmental Change Part A; 9:S51-S67 [1999]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:10
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2016 12:39
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/5748

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313