Spatially explicit characterization of acidifying and eutrophying air pollution in life-cycle assessment

Huijbregts MAJ, Schoepp W, Verkuijlen E, Heijungs R, & Reijnders L (2001). Spatially explicit characterization of acidifying and eutrophying air pollution in life-cycle assessment. Journal of Industrial Ecology 4 (3): 75-92. DOI:10.1162/108819800300106393.

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Abstract

Simple models are often used to assess the potential impact of acidifying and eutrophying substances released during the life cycle of products. As fate, background depositions, and ecosystem sensitivity are not included in these models, environmental life-cycle assessment of products (LCA) may produce incorrect results for these impact categories. This paper outlines the spatially explicit regional air pollution information and simulation model (RAINSLCA), which was developed for the calculation of acidification and terrestrial eutrophication potentials of ammonia (NH3) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) air emissions and acidification potentials for sulfur dioxide (SO2) air emissions for Europe and a number of European regions, taking fate, background depositions and effects into account. Two impact definitions are explored in the calculations: (1) the marginal change in the hazard index of all ecosystems in Europe and (2) the marginal change in the hazard index of ecosystems in Europe where the critical load is actually exceeded. The inclusion of fate, background depositions, and ecosystem sensitivity results in a different ranking of substances compared to simpler model outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acidification; Air pollution; Eutrophication; Impact assessment; Life-cycle assessment; Site-dependency
Research Programs: Transboundary Air Pollution (TAP)
Transboundary Air Pollution (TAP)
Bibliographic Reference: Journal of Industrial Ecology; 4(3):75-92 (July 2000) (Published online 8 February 2008)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:12
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2016 14:38
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6279

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