The Evolution of Self-Fertilization in Density-Regulated Populations

Cheptou P-O & Dieckmann U (2002). The Evolution of Self-Fertilization in Density-Regulated Populations. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-02-024

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Abstract

We study the evolution of selfing in hermaphrodites to reveal the demographic conditions that lead to intermediate selfing rates. Using a demographic model based on Ricker-type density regulation we first assume that independent of population density, inbred individuals survive less well than outbred individuals and, second, that inbred and outbred individuals differ in their competitive abilities in density-regulated populations. The evolution of selfing, driven by inbreeding depression and the cost of outcrossing, is then analyzed for three fundamentally different demographic scenarios: stable population densities, deterministically varying population densities (resulting from cyclical or chaotic population dynamics), and stochastic fluctuations of carrying capacities (resulting from environmental noise). We show that even under stable demographic conditions evolutionary outcomes are not confined to either complete selfing or full outcrossing. Instead, intermediate selfing rates arise under a wide range of conditions, depending on the nature of competitive interactions between inbred and outbred individuals. We also explore the evolution of selfing under deterministic and stochastic density fluctuations to demonstrate that such environmental conditions can evolutionarily stabilize intermediate selfing rates. This is the first study to consider in detail the effect of density regulation on the evolution of selfing rates.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:14
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2016 07:12
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6761

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