Potential market niches for biomass energy with CO2 removal and disposal - Opportunities for energy supply with negative CO2 emissions

Moellersten K, Yan J, & Moreira JR (2003). Potential market niches for biomass energy with CO2 removal and disposal - Opportunities for energy supply with negative CO2 emissions. Biomass and Bioenergy 25 (3): 273-285. DOI:10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00013-8.

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Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of biomass energy with CO2 capture and storage (BECS) in industrial applications. Sugar cane-based ethanol mills and chemical pulp mills are identified as market niches with promising prospects for BECS. Calculations of CO2 balances of BECS in these applications show that the introduction of CO2 capture and storage in biomass energy systems can significantly increase the systems’ CO2 abatement potentials. CO2 emissions of the total systems are negative. The CO2 reduction potentials of these technologies are discussed in regional and global contexts. An economic assessment of each system is carried out and opportunities for cost-effective technologies for CO2 capture, transportation and storage are identified. Furthermore, potentials for system improvements that could substantially decrease the CO2 abatement cost are addressed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2 capture; Biomass energy; CO2 balance; CO2 reduction; CO2 abatement cost; Black liquor; Pulp mills; Fuel ethanol production; Sugar cane
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Biomass and Bioenergy; 25(3):273-285 [2003]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:15
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 11:40
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6862

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