Population growth in space and time: Spatial logistic equations

Law R, Murrell DJ, & Dieckmann U (2003). Population growth in space and time: Spatial logistic equations. Ecology 84 (1): 252-262.

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Abstract

How great an effect does self-generated spatial structure have on logistic population growth? Results are described from an individual based model (IBM) with spatially localized dispersal and competition, and from a deterministic approximation to the IBM describing the dynamics of the first and spatial moments. The dynamical system incorporates a novel closure that gives a close approximation to the IBM in the presence of strong spatial structure. Population growth given by the spatial logistic equation can differ greatly from that of the non-spatial logistic model. Numerical simulations show that populations may grow more slowly or more rapidly than would be expected from the non-spatial model, and may reach their maximum rate of increase at densities other than half of the carrying capacity. Populations can achieve asymptotic densities substantially greater than or less than the carrying capacity of the non-spatial logistic model, and can even tend toward extinction. These properties of the spatial logistic equation are caused by a local dispersal and competition which effect spatial structure, which in turn affects population growth. Accounting for these spatial processes brings the theory of single-species population growth a step closer to the growth of real spatially-structured populations.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Bibliographic Reference: Ecology; 84(1):252-262 (January 2003)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:15
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 14:16
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6889

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