Negative emissions from bioenergy use, carbon capture and sequestration (BECS): The case of biomass production by sustainable forest management from semi-natural temperate forests

Kraxner F, Nilsson S, & Obersteiner M (2003). Negative emissions from bioenergy use, carbon capture and sequestration (BECS): The case of biomass production by sustainable forest management from semi-natural temperate forests. Biomass and Bioenergy 24 (4): 285-296. DOI:10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00172-1.

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Abstract

In this paper, we show how nature oriented forestry measures in a typical temperate forest type in combination with bioenergy systems could lead to continuous and permanent removal of CO2 from the atmosphere. We employ a forest growth model suited for modeling uneven-aged mixed temperate stands and analyze the interaction with biomass energy systems that allow for CO2 removal and long-term sequestration in geological formations. On global scales this technological option to convert the global energy system from a CO2 emitter to a CO2 remover has been overlooked by both the science and policy communities. Removal of the major Greenhouse Gas (GHG) CO2 from the atmosphere is possible using biomass energy to produce both carbon neutral energy carriers (e.g., electricity and hydrogen) and, at the same time, offer a permanent CO2 sink by capturing carbon at the conversion facility and permanently storing it in geological formations. This technological option resolves the issues of permanence and saturation of biological sinks while at the same time this option respects the multiple benefits of sustaining diverse, healthy, and resilient forests. Our results indicate that a typical temperate forest in combination with capturing and long-term storage can permanently remove and on a continuous basis about Full-size image (<1 K) on a sustainable basis respecting the ecological integrity of the ecosystem.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semi-natural forests; Bioenergy; Scrubbing; Sequestration; Permanence; Saturation; Adaptation; Sustainability
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Biomass and Bioenergy; 24(4-5):285-296 [2003]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:15
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 11:39
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6902

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