Cars, Hydrogen and Climate Change: A Long-Term Analysis with the ERIS Model

Turton H & Barreto L (2004). Cars, Hydrogen and Climate Change: A Long-Term Analysis with the ERIS Model. Paper presented at the 6th IAEE European Conference 2004 on Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy, 2-3 September 2004, Zurich, Switzerland [2004]

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Abstract

The transitions in the global automobile sector in the 21st century are uncertain both in terms of technologies and energy carriers. A key driving force of technological change in the long term could be the need to mitigate GHG emissions. This paper examines the role of the passenger car sector in a GHG mitigation strategy and presents a scenario of the automobile technology choices when a price on greenhouse gas emissions is imposed on the global energy system. The analysis has been conducted with ERIS, a multi-regional energy-systems "bottom-up" optimization model that endogenizes technology learning and allows a detailed technology representation, in addition to capturing competing demands for transportation fuels, including hydrogen. Our results provide some policy insights by illustrating the potential for hydrogen to contribute to climate change mitigation, but show that fuel cell cars are a long-term option for climate policy.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: Technological change; cars; hydrogen; climate change
Research Programs: Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS)
Energy (ENE)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented at the 6th IAEE European Conference 2004 on Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy, 2-3 September 2004, Zurich, Switzerland [2004]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:16
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2016 12:27
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7273

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