Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Where Does Australia Stand?

Turton H (2004). Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Where Does Australia Stand? Discussion Paper 66, The Australia Institute, Canberra, Australia [June 2004]

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Abstract

The international climate change community is increasingly turning its attention to proposals to base future greenhouse gas emission reduction obligations at least in part on a per capita principle. Serious consideration of these issues can proceed only on the basis of good information on per capita emissions, yet to date only data on energy-related emissions per capita have been available. Accordingly, this paper reports calculations showing per capita greenhouse gas emissions on a comprehensive basis for all industrialised (Annex I) countries, based on data collected by the UNFCCC secretariat. This paper presents the most recent and consistent estimates, and shows that Australia has the highest per capita emissions among industrialised countries. In an attempt to explain why Australia.s per capita emissions are so high, and to indicate what might be done to reduce them, this report presents a breakdown of the activities and sectors responsible for the difference in per capita CO2 emissions from fuel combustion between Australia and the European Union as a whole. Three activities account for a large share of the difference: the electricity generation mix; road transportation; and production of non-ferrous metals (mainly aluminium). These sectors also account for most of the growth in Australia's emissions, so this result is of particular interest.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change; per capita emissions
Research Programs: Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS)
Energy (ENE)
Bibliographic Reference: Discussion Paper 66, The Australia Institute, Canberra, Australia [June 2004]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:16
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2016 12:27
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7274

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