CO2 Emissions from Consumption in Slovakia

Korytarova K, Hubacek K, & Turton H (2004). CO2 Emissions from Consumption in Slovakia. In: Environmental Economics, Policy and International Relations: 6th Seminar of Postgraduate Students, Young Scientists and Researchers, 7-8 October 2004.

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Abstract

Even though CO2 emissions have decreased in Central and Easter Europe (CEE) since the fall of the Iron Curtain, CO2 emissions per unit of GDP are the highest among OECD countries. Considering the likely increase in income, and adoption of Western patterns of consumption and production, the emissions are expected to increase in the future. These Western patterns are in many ways unsustainable and are making it difficult for most of the OECD countries to fulfill even their rather modest commitments under Kyoto Protocol. Thus it is likely that were such consumption patterns to be adopted on a large scale in CEE, despite gains in efficiency in production, it could harm the region's advantage not only in terms of the Kyoto protocol but also the overall environmental situation.

In this paper we focus on measuring and evaluating the environmental impacts from household consumption in Slovakia, one of the most dynamic transition countries in CEE. The method used is input-output analysis extended by environmental pollution coefficients measured in tons of CO2 which allows for allocating environmental impacts of upstream production to goods and services consumed by households. In this way the most polluting consumption items and patterns can be identified.

This is the first attempt to undertake such an analysis for Slovakia. The findings may be useful for guiding the development of policy measures focused on curbing CO2 emissions in terms of the commitment of CEE and EU countries to the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC and to respond to the goals identified at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) 2002; changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production. Moreover, the results may also be useful guidelines for companies and households in changing their consumption and production patterns.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Research Programs: Environmentally Compatible Energy Strategies (ECS)
Energy (ENE)
Bibliographic Reference: In: P. Sauer (ed); Environmental Economics, Policy and International Relations: 6th Seminar of Postgraduate Students, Young Scientists and Researchers; 7-8 October 2004, The University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 100-113 [2004]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:16
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2016 12:27
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7343

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