Trade-Off Geometries and Frequency-Dependent Selection

de Mazancourt C & Dieckmann U (2004). Trade-Off Geometries and Frequency-Dependent Selection. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-039

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Abstract

Life-history evolution is determined by the interplay between natural selection and adaptive constraints. The classical approach to studying constrained life-history evolution - Richard Levin's geometric comparison of fitness sets and adaptive functions - is applicable when selection pressures are frequency-independent. Here we extend this widely used tool to frequency-dependent selection. Such selection pressures very with a population's phenotypic composition, and are increasingly recognized as ubiquitous. Under frequency dependence, two independent properties have to be distinguished: evolutionary stability (an evolutionary stable strategy cannot be invaded once established) and convergence stability (only a convergence stable strategy can be attained through small, selectively advantageous steps). Combination of both properties results in four classes of possible evolutionary outcomes. We introduce a geometric mode of analysis that enables us to predict, for any bivariate selection problem, (1) evolutionary outcomes induced by trade-offs of given shape, (ii) shapes of trade-offs required for given evolutionary outcomes, (iii) the set of all evolutionary outcomes trade-off can induce, (iv) effects of ecological parameters on evolutionary outcomes independent of trade-off shape.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:17
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2016 01:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7409

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