Towards fossil-based electricity systems with integrated CO2 capture: Implications of an illustrative long-term technology policy

Riahi K, Barreto L, Rao S, & Rubin ES (2005). Towards fossil-based electricity systems with integrated CO2 capture: Implications of an illustrative long-term technology policy. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies – September 2004, Vancouver, Canada. Eds. Rubin, E.S., Keith, D.W., Gilboy, C.F., Wilson, M., Morris, T., Gale, J. & Thambimuthu, K., pp. 921-929 Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-08-044704-9

[img]
Preview
Text
2005f Riahi et al, 7th Intl Conf on GGC (Sep).pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (162kB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper examines the role of fossil-fired power plants equipped with carbon capture systems in a long-term scenario of the global energy system. Within this framework, the impacts of a technology policy is illustrated that requires over time an increasing fraction of fossil-fired power generation to incorporate carbon capture technologies leading in the long run to a virtually carbon-free electricity sector. It examines the costs and the potential contribution that such a policy could offer in reducing global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions and highlight some of the technologies that may play a key role in doing so. The analysis is carried out with the energy-systems optimization model MESSAGE considering endogenous technological learning for carbon capture technologies, such that they experience cost reductions as a function of accumulated capacity installations. In the context of a world where fossil-based power systems face pressure to evolve into cleaner configurations in the long term, coal fired integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plants and gas-fired combined-cycle (NGCC) plants emerge as flexible, complementary technology choices that, while being attractive for electricity generation, could allow an efficient and cost-effective capture of carbon.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Transitions to New Technologies (TNT)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:18
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 16:21
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7755

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313