Dynamics of Population on the Verge of Extinction

Oborny B, Meszena G, & Szabo G (2005). Dynamics of Population on the Verge of Extinction. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-05-033

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Abstract

Theoretical considerations suggest that extinction in dispersal-limited populations is necessarily a threshold-like process that is analogous to a critical phase transition in physics. We use this analogy to find robust, common features in the dynamics of extinctions, and suggest early warning signals which may indicate that a population is endangered. As the critical threshold of extinction is approached, the population spontaneously fragments into discrete subpopulations and, consequently, density regulation fails. The population size declines and its spatial variance diverges according to scaling laws. Therefore, we can make robust predictions exactly in the range where prognosis is vital, on the verge of extinction.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:18
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 00:41
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7802

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