External influences on Europe's air quality: Baseline methane, carbon monoxide and ozone from 1990 to 2030 at Mace Head, Ireland

Derwent R, Simmonds PG, O'Doherty S, Stevenson DS, Cofala J, Mechler R, & Amann M (2006). External influences on Europe's air quality: Baseline methane, carbon monoxide and ozone from 1990 to 2030 at Mace Head, Ireland. Atmospheric Environment 40 (5): 844-855. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.09.077.

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Abstract

A global 3-D chemistry-transport model STOCHEM has been employed to study trends in the mole fractions of methane, carbon monoxide and ozone in baseline air masses entering Europe from the Atlantic Ocean over the period from 1990 to 2030. With a range of emission scenarios for man-made ozone precursor emission sources available, a wide range of model trends were predicted for the period up to 2030. In the scenario based on current planned air pollution controls, IIASA CLE, methane shows a strong upward trend, ozone shows a weaker upward trend, and carbon monoxide is approximately flat in baseline air masses. In one of the more pessimistic IPCC SRES scenarios, A2, all three gases show future increases. However, in the scenario based on maximum feasible emission reductions, IIASA MFR all three trace gases decline. By 2030, projected climate change reduces the growth in CH4, but has insignificant effects on baseline CO and O3 in these simulations. Global or hemispheric ozone precursor emissions and their controls exert a potentially large external influence on Europes air quality. This influence is currently not taken into account in future European air quality policy formulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3-D CTM; Tropospheric ozone; Air quality; Ozone precursors
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Bibliographic Reference: Atmospheric Environment; 40(5):844-855 (February 2006) (Published online 27 December 2005)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:19
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2016 12:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7856

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