Demobilisation of critical contaminants in four typical waste-to-energy ashes by carbonation

Todorovic J & Ecke H (2006). Demobilisation of critical contaminants in four typical waste-to-energy ashes by carbonation. Waste Management 26 (4): 430-441. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2005.11.011.

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Abstract

Two bottom ashes, one air pollution control (APC) residue and one fly ash from three different Swedish municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) plants were characterised regarding the leaching of environmentally relevant components. Characterisation was performed using a diffusion tank leaching test. The impact of carbonation on the release of eight critical components, i.e., Cl(-), Cr, Cu, Mo, Pb, Sb, Se, SO(4)(2-) and Zn, was assessed at a lab-scale and showed carbonation to have a more pronounced demobilising effect on critical components in bottom ashes than in APC residue and fly ash. From grate type incinerator bottom ash, the release of Cr decreased by 97%, by 63% for Cu and by 45% for Sb. In the investigated APC residue, the releases of Cr, Se and Pb were defined as critical, although they either remained unaffected or increased after carbonation. Cl(-) and SO(4)(2-) remained mobile after carbonation in all investigated residues.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Waste Management; 26(4):430-441 [2006]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:19
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2016 13:05
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7908

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