The Evolution of Simple Life-Histories: Step Towards Classification

Rueffler C, Van Dooren TJM, & Metz JAJ (2006). The Evolution of Simple Life-Histories: Step Towards Classification. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-083

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Abstract

We present a classification of the evolutionary dynamics for a class of simple life-history models. The model class considered is characterised by discrete time population dynamics, density-dependent population growth, by the assumption that individuals can occur in two states, and that two evolving traits are coupled by a trade-off. Individual models differ in the choice of traits that are presumed to evolve and in the way population regulation is incorporated. The classification is based on a fitness measure that is sign equivalent to invasion fitness but algebraically simpler. We classify models according to curvature properties of the fitness landscape and whether the evolutionary dynamics can be analysed by means of an optimisation criterion. The first classification allows us to infer whether trait combinations that are characterised by a zero fitness gradient are susceptible to invasion by similar trait combinations. The second classification distinguishes models where evolutionary change is frequency-independent from models that give rise to frequency dependence. Given certain symmetry assumptions we can extend the classification in the latter case by splitting selection into a density-dependent and a frequency-dependent component. We apply our approach to several simple life-history models and demonstrate how our classification facilitates an analytical analysis. We conclude by discussing some general patterns that emerge from our analysis and by hinting at several possible extensions.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:38
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2016 09:15
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8017

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