Stochastic Analogues of Deterministic Single-species Population Models

Brannstrom A & Sumpter DJT (2006). Stochastic Analogues of Deterministic Single-species Population Models. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-062

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Abstract

Although single-species deterministic difference equations have long been used in modeling the dynamics of animal populations, little attention has been paid to how stochasticity should be incorporated into these models. By deriving stochastic analogues to difference equations from first principles, we show that the form of these models depends on whether noise in the population process is demographic or environmental. When noise is demographic, we argue that variance around the expectation is proportional to the expectation. When noise is environmental the variance depends in a non-trivial way on how variation enters into model parameters, but we argue that if the environment affects individual fecundity then variance is proportional to the square of the expectation. We compare various stochastic analogues of the Ricker map model by fitting them, using maximum likelihood estimation, to data generated from an individual-based model and the weevil data of Utida. Our demographic models are significantly better than our environmental models at fitting noise generated by population processes where noise is mainly demographic. However, the traditionally chosen stochastic analogues to deterministic modelsadditive normally distributed noise and multiplicative lognormally distributed noisegenerally fit all data sets well. Thus the form of the variance does play a role in the fitting of models to ecological time series, but may not be important in practice as first supposed.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Postdoctoral Scholars (PDS)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:38
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 02:21
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8037

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