Disparate Maturation Adaptations to Size-dependent Mortality

Gardmark A & Dieckmann U (2006). Disparate Maturation Adaptations to Size-dependent Mortality. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-039

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Abstract

Body size is an important determinant of resource use, fecundity, and mortality risk. Evolution of maturation size in response to size-dependent selection is thus a fundamental part of life-history theory. Increased mortality among small individuals has previously been predicted to cause larger maturation size, whereas increased mortality among large individuals is expected to have the opposite effect. Here we use a continuously size-structured model to demonstrate that, contrary to these widespread expectations, increased mortality among small individuals can have three alternative effects: maturation size may increase, decrease, or become evolutionarily bistable. We show that such complex responses must be reckoned with whenever mortality is size-dependent, growth is indeterminate, reproduction impairs growth, and fecundity increases with size. Predicting adaptive responses to altered size-dependent mortality is thus inherently difficult, since, as demonstrated here, such mortality can not only reverse the direction of adaptation, but also cause abrupt shifts in evolutionarily stable maturation sizes.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2016 01:42
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8058

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