Primary emissions of fine carbonaceous particles in Europe

Kupiainen K & Klimont Z (2007). Primary emissions of fine carbonaceous particles in Europe. Atmospheric Environment 41 (10): 2156-2170. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.10.066.

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Abstract

The European emissions of BC and OC in fine particles are calculated for the years 1990, 1995 and 2000 applying the RAINS model that, beyond fuel-sector distinction, explicitly includes various combustion technologies and the penetration of abatement options. The emission factors used are developed considering specific European conditions. The main sources of carbonaceous aerosols in Europe are emissions from traffic and residential combustion of solid fuels. Between 1990 and 2000, the BC and OC emissions are estimated to decline from 0.89 to 0.68 Tg and from 1.4 to 1.0 Tg, respectively. Most of the reduction occurred in the early 1990s in Eastern Europe owing to structural changes that resulted in energy efficiency improvements in industry and lower consumption of solid fuels in residential- commercial sector; the latter having strong impact on BC and OC emissions. Furthermore, the growth in transport volumes, and expected increase in emissions, was offset by introduction of stricter legislation for road transport from 1995. Focusing on the most important sectors, transport and residential combustion, the variation in measured carbonaceous emission shares and its impact on total emissions was evaluated. This analysis indicates a range of about -25% to +20% for BC and -7% and +15% for OC, compared to the central case.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Black and organic carbon; Emission modelling; Combustion; Anthropogenic sources
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Bibliographic Reference: Atmospheric Environment; 41(10):2156-2170 (March 2007)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2017 11:13
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8104

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