Empirical specification of cost reductions associated with accumulated knowledge in the Swedish kraft paper industry

Lundmark R (2008). Empirical specification of cost reductions associated with accumulated knowledge in the Swedish kraft paper industry. Forest Policy and Economics 10 (7): 460-466. DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2008.02.004.

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Abstract

This paper presents an alternative approach in estimating the effect that technological knowledge has on the cost structure facing individual firms. The suggested method is applied to the Swedish kraft paper industry and relies on a comprehensive dataset for eight individual integrated kraft paper mills. The developed model is based on a two-step process. Step one, the estimation of a pure cost reduction index is derived using a flexible variable cost function which is utilising mill-specific dummy variables. In addition, this approach allows for an estimation of the pure unit cost reduction index that is devoid of scale and price effects which, if not dealt with can produce spurious results when estimating learning effects. Step two, is the estimation of a two factor dynamic learning curve model (2FDLC) using the estimated pure unit cost reduction index as dependent variable. The results suggest that the Swedish kraft paper industry has relatively little to gain in terms of cost reduction through a further technological learning. However, the method performed well, producing intuitive and statistically significant estimates indicating its usefulness in further analyses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paper industry; Learning curve; Technological knowledge; Translog; Cost function; 2FDLC; Cost reduction
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: Forest Policy and Economics; 10(7-8):460-466 [2008]
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:41
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2016 11:51
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8549

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