Governance for Sustainable Forest Management at Local and Regional Levels

Rametsteiner E (2008). Governance for Sustainable Forest Management at Local and Regional Levels. In:; United Nations Forum on Forests. Enabling Sustainable Forest Management: Strategies for equitable development, for forests, for people; United Nations, New York, USA [2008]

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Abstract

The aim of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) is to improve the information available to decision-makers, at all levels, relating to human health and safety, protection of the global environment, the reduction of losses from natural disasters, and achieving sustainable development. Specifically, GEOSS proposes that better international co-operation in the collection, interpretation and sharing of Earth Observation information is an important and cost-effective mechanism for achieving this aim. While there is a widespread intuition that this proposition is correct, at some point the following question needs to be answered: how much additional investment in Earth Observation (and specifically, in its international integration) is enough? This leads directly to some challenging subsidiary questions, such as how can the benefits of Earth Observation be assessed? What are the incremental costs of GEOSS? Are there societal benefit areas where the return on investment is higher than in others?

The Geo-Bene project has developed a 'benefit chain' concept as a framework for addressing these questions. The basic idea is that an incremental improvement in the observing system (including its data collection, interpretation and information-sharing aspects) will result in an improvement in the quality of decisions based on that information. In turn this will lead to better societal outcomes, which have a value. This incremental value must be judged against the incremental cost of the improved observation system. Since in many cases there will be large uncertainties in the estimation of both the costs and the benefits, and it may not be possible to express one or both of them in comparable monetary terms, we show how order-of-magnitude approaches and a qualitative understanding of the shape of the cost and benefit curves can help guide rational investment decision in Earth Observation systems.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: GEOSS; Benefit Assessment; Conceptual Framework; Cost-Benefit Analysis
Research Programs: Forestry (FOR)
Bibliographic Reference: In:; United Nations Forum on Forests. Enabling Sustainable Forest Management: Strategies for equitable development, for forests, for people; United Nations, New York, USA [2008]
Related URLs:
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:41
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2016 07:53
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8712

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