Tracking uncertainties in the causal chain from human activities to climate

Prather MJ, Penner JE, Fuglestvedt JS, Kurosawa A, Lowe JA, Hoehne N, Jain AK, Andronova N, et al. (2009). Tracking uncertainties in the causal chain from human activities to climate. Geophysical Research Letters 36 (5): L05707. DOI:10.1029/2008GL036474.

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Abstract

Attribution of climate change to individual countries is a part of ongoing policy discussions, e.g., the Brazil proposal, and requires a quantifiable link between emissions and climate change. We present a constrained propagation of errors that tracks uncertainties from human activities to greenhouse gas emissions, to increasing abundances of greenhouse gases, to radiative forcing of climate, and finally to climate change, thus following the causal chain for greenhouse gases emitted by developed nations since national reporting began in 1990. Errors combine uncertainties in the forward modeling at each step with top-down constraints on the observed changes in greenhouse gases and temperatures. Global surface temperature increased by +0.110C in 2003 due to the developed nations' emissions of Kyoto greenhouse gases from 1990 to 2002. The uncertainty range, +0.08 degrees C to +0.14 degrees C (68% confidence), is large considering that the developed countries emissions are well known for this period and climate system modeling uncertainties are constrained by observations.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Greenhouse Gas Initiative (GGI)
Bibliographic Reference: Geophysical Research Letters; 36(5):L05707 (12 March 2009)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 13:20
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8852

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